Normandy is a region of northern France which is well known for its coastlines, white chalk cliffs and Second World War remnance of the Atlantic Wall and Operation Overlord. It is also famous for the its cider, Calvados (apple brandy), dairy produce such as Camembert and Pont l'Évêque, flax, horse breeding, fishing, seafood and of course tourism.
Once divided into two areas, "Lower" and "Upper" Normandy, they became one in January 2016 and consist of the departments of Seine-Maritime (76), Eure (27), Orne (61), Calvados (14) and Manche (50). The land area is approximately 30,627km² which roughly amounts to 5% of the total area of mainland France. The population of Normandy is around 3.45 million. The principle towns in the region are Caen, Rouen, Le Havre and Cherbourg.
Normandy holds a traditional flag and coat of arms consisting of two lions based on the design of arms attributed to William the Conqueror, ultimately related to the 12th-century coat of arms of the House of Anjou.
By law, restaurant and bar prices are 'service compris' (which includes a 15% service charge). However, a taxi driver will expect about a 10% gratuity. Generally, rounding of bar bills up to the nearest Euro is general practice. The guide below, published on 5th May 2015 by Fodor's Travel gives a useful up-to-date overview for tipping in France for a variety of services.
Normandy weather is very similar to that of the South of England, basically changeable with the chances of any type of weather; the main reason for this can be attributed to the sea and the winds that occur.
Normally mild, wet and frosty this can explain the normally lush countryside through the Normandy area. Temperatures vary between 10 and 12 degrees, even during the hottest months of the year temperatures are usually around 18 degrees. However during the winter months the southern parts of Normandy temperatures rarely fall below 3 degrees. The seasons in France are split into three categories. High Season is generally July and August (with the majority of locals taking their holiday in July). Mid-season is April, May, June and September; whilst low season is generally October until March.
Below is a table showing the annual weather averages for Normandy (Source: www.holiday-weather.com/Normandy_gb/averages/)
Kilometres/Miles Conversion Table
As with other countries on the European continent, it's important to remember that distances and speeds are measured/displayed in kilometres rather than miles. All modern cars should have both mph and km/h marked on their speedometers, but the following tables may bae useful when calculating distances.